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Pakistan faces a significant problem in ensuring that all children, particularly the poorest, attend, remain, and learn in school. While enrolment and retention rates are rising, an improvement in education metrics in Pakistan has been gradual.
Pakistan now has the second-highest number of out-of-school children (OOSC) globally, with an estimated 22.8 million children aged 5 to 16 not attending school, accounting for 44% of the entire population in this age range. This is an alarming situation for Pakistan because its future is out of schools. There are 5 million children aged 5 to 9 who are not enrolled in school, and after primary school, the number of OOSC more than doubles, with 11.4 million teenagers aged 10 to 14 not getting a formal education. These statistics show that how Pakistan focuses on the education of children. Gender, socioeconomic level, and geographic disparities are severe; in Sindh, 52 percent of the most impoverished children (58 percent females) are out of school, while 78 percent of females are out of Baluchistan.
Gaps hamper schooling access in service provision at all levels of education. Demand-side socio-cultural constraints, combined with economic reasons and supply-side concerns such as school facility availability, obstruct entry and retention of some excluded populations, particularly teenage girls. It is still a problem to put a reliable data system and monitoring mechanisms to track retention and prevent out-of-school youngsters from dropping out.
Inadequate funding, poor enforcement of policy promises, and difficulties in fair implementation obstruct reaching the most disadvantaged at the system level. Previous governments of Pakistan have given less heed to the education department that has caused a disaster in education at the national level. Although there has been a promising improvement in education expenditures, they still fall short of the 4 percent objective at 2.8 percent of total GDP.
Pakistani government need to focus on Children education that will be very helpful for Pakistan in long-term development. The government must invest some reasonable revenue in the education department to improve the statistics in this domain. The gaps in the levels of education must be eradicated to promote child education. Moreover, education must get some priority-based budget for proper growth in this domain. The education budget in Pakistan is always low; that is why child education is still in crises. The education budget must be increased to improve the level and quality of education.
On the whole, Child education is crucial for the development of a country because children are the seeds of the nation and had to become a strong shadowy tree to comfort the whole nation and development in the long run. There must be special attention to the children’s education to improve the course of the whole nation. Pakistan is an intense need to improve the quality of education to get on the right track of development.
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UNICEF (2016). Education. [online] Unicef.org. Available at: https://www.unicef.org/pakistan/education.
Yousafzai, M.S. (2019). Pakistan | Educate a Child. [online] educateachild.org. Available at: https://educateachild.org/our-partners-projects/country/pakistan.